Case studies
Fostering Rural Livelihood Security and Wildlife Conservation: experience from Gilli Gilli forest reserve, Nigeria

High poverty levels, disparate national policies and laws, and a lack of rights led to increased incidents of poaching in the Gilli Gilli forest reserve. Many species of fauna and flora have been affected, and there was high mistrust between local communities and enforcement staff.

The Chikolongo Livelihoods Project

People who live along the border of the Lilongwe National Park go into the park to poach fish and other animals, and to fetch water. As a result, people are often killed; sometimes by elephants but more often by crocodiles and hippos.