The Black Mambas

The Black Mambas are not only Anti-Poaching Rangers, they are also role models for the rest of the community. Whilst the main objective is the security of the reserve and the protection of wildlife, the Black Mamba initiative educates the communities that live on the boundaries of Balule and the

The social economy of rhino poaching: Of economic freedom fighters, professional hunters and marginalized local people
Makuleke ecotourism project

A partnership between the Makuleke community, Wilderness Safaris and South Africa National (SAN) Parks led to the development of Pafuri Camp, a community-led ecotourism initiative in the northern part of Kruger National Park.